Airmail or Air Mail is mail that is transported by Aircraft. It typically arrives more quickly than surface mail, and usually costs more to send. Airmail may be the only option for sending mail to some destinations, such as overseas. And the study of airmail is known as aerophilatly.
Previously, homing pigeons had long been used to send messages which are known as pigeon mail. The first mail to be carried by an air vehicle was on 7th January 1785, on a balloon flight from Dover to France near Calais.
The first official air mail delivery in the United States took place on August 17, 1859, when John Wise piloted a balloon starting in Lafayette, Indiana with a destination of New York.
The introduction of the airplane in 1903 generated immediate interest in using them for mail transport, and the first official flight took place on 18 February 1911 in Allahabad, India to Naini, India when Henri Pequet carried 6,500 letters a distance of 13 km.
The first scheduled U.S. Air Mail service began on 15 May 1918, using U.S. Army Curtiss JN-4 “Jenny” biplane aircraft operating on a route between Washington, D.C (Washington Polo Grounds) and New York City (Belmont Park).
The first stamps designated specifically for airmail were issued by Italy in 1917, and used on experimental flights; they were produced by overprinting special delivery stamps. Austria also overprinted stamps for airmail in March 1918, soon followed by the first definitive stamp for airmail, issued by the United States in May 1918.