Prevention of Extravagance in Marriages – Six bills in the last 20 years, none successful

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News report suggest that Congress MP Smt. Ranjeet Ranjan  will introduce a private member bill in the Lok Sabha seeking a cap on marriage expenditure. This bill has the same provisions as proposed in a bill introduced in the Rajya Sabha in 2011.

News reports suggest that Congress MP Smt. Ranjeet Ranjan will introduce a private member bill in the Lok Sabha seeking a cap on expenditure incurred on marriages. The Marriages (Compulsory Registration and Prevention of Wasteful Expenditure) Bill, 2016 seeks to prohibit extravagant and wasteful expenditure on marriages and to enforce simpler solemnization. But this is not the first time that such a private member bill is being introduced in the Parliament. Six (6) such bills were introduced by various members in the last 20 years. But none of these bills were passed by the parliament. In fact, current bill by Smt. Ranjeet Ranjan is an exact replica of the bill introduced by Mr. Akhilesh Das Gupta in the Rajya Sabha in 2011.

History of these Bills

A total of six such bills were introduced in the Parliament in the last 20 years. Three of these bills were introduced in the Lok Sabha and the remaining three in the Rajya Sabha. Four of these bills have lapsed while two of them are still shown as pending on the Lok Sabha website.

Year Name of the Bill Introduced by Introduced in Status
1996 Prohibition of Lavish and Extravagant Expenditure on Marriage and Birthday Celebration Bill,1996 Saroj Khaparde Rajya Sabha Lapsed
2005 The Prohibition of Extravagant Expenditure on Marriages Bill, 2005 Rayapati Sambasiva Rao Lok Sabha Lapsed
2005 The Prohibition of Extravagant and Wasteful Expenditure on Marriages Bill, 2005 Prema Cariappa Rajya Sabha Pending
2011 The Prevention of Extravagance and Unlimited Expenditure on Marriage Bill, 2011 P J Kurien Lok Sabha Lapsed
2011 The Prohibition of Extravagant Expenditure on Marriages Bill, 2011. Mahendra Chauhan Lok Sabha Lapsed
2011 The Marriages (Simple Solemnisation, Compulsory Registration and Prevention of Wastage of Food Items) Bill, 2011 Akhilesh Gupta Rajya Sabha Pending

 

Why these bills in the first place?

The text of four (4) of these bills is available on the Lok Sabha website. All of these bills talk about the growing extravagance in marriages and how it has become an ugly display of wealth by the rich. Some of the things mentioned in the ‘Statement of Object & Reasons’ of these bills are the following.

  • Lakhs of rupees are spent on shamianas and decorations followed by sumptuous feasts. In addition to all these things, substantial cash and costly gifts are exchanged.
  • People use these occasions to spend their black money.
  • Parents sometimes try to extract as much money as possible through the marriage of their sons.
  • Even the invitation cards, which used to be very simple and meaningful, have now become a status symbol, with each party trying to outdo the just concluded marriage ceremony in the area.
  • People have also started the practice of distributing costly gifts and sweets to the Guests attending marriages and receptions and even while giving invitation cards.
  • The impact of such growing extravagance in marriages is telling upon the lower-middle and lower class people, who try to match the unabashed and pompous rich marriages, often with borrowed money or by selling their hard-earned assets, and later find themselves in severe debt trap.
  • Such uncontrolled expenditure on marriages break the very fabric of our society and institutionalizes the practice of dowry and wasteful expenditure.
  • Media gives wide publicity in page three to such lavish marriages.
  • There is wastage of food items on a large scale. In one marriage tones of foods is wasted which could fill the bellies of many poor people.

Mr. Akhilesh Das Gupta who introduced one of these bills in the Rajya Sabha mentioned that in Pakistan, one can serve only four dishes to the guests and wastage of dishes is treated as criminal wastage in marriages.

Prevention of Extravagance in Marriages_statement of objects and reasons

What do these bills propose?

Three of these bills do not suggest any explicit limits on the marriage expenditure. Instead, they propose that the government fix the limit of guests and relatives who may be invited to attend the marriage or reception. According to these bills, the government should also fix the limit of expenditure to be incurred on a marriage.Prevention of Extravagance in Marriages_bills

Limits on Expenditure proposed

The bill introduced by Mr. Akhilesh Das Gupta in the Parliament does prescribe an upper limit on the expenditure in the bill itself. The bill prescribes an upper limit of 25% of the family’s annual income of Rs 5 lakhs whichever is lower. The bill also proposes that whosoever wishes to spend more than Rs 5 lakh shall contribute 10% of such amount to a government welfare fund that would be used to assist BPL families for the marriage of their daughters.

Prevention of Extravagance in Marriages_bill proposal

This bill also proposes that the government fix the limit on the number of guests and number of dishes that could be served during the ceremony.

Guilty to be punished

This bill also proposes that the guilty be punished with a simple imprisonment for a term that can extend up to 3 years and also with a fine that can extend up to Rs 5 lakh rupees.

Prevention of Extravagance in Marriages_guilty punishment

PS: Mr. Rayapati Sambasiva Rao, who introduced one of these bills in the Lok Sabha in 2005 had celebrated his 50th Marriage anniversary in a grand celebration in 2016. The Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh was also on the guest list.

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